Angel Investor Tax Credit

IEDA Programs

Encouraging Venture Capital Investment in Iowa Startups

Angel Investor tax credits are offered to increase the availability and accessibility of venture capital, particularly for ventures at the seed capital investment stage. Businesses must first obtain Qualifying Business certification before investors can apply.

  • Program Cap: Total amount of tax credits available per fiscal year (July 1 - June 30) is $2 million
  • Individual Cap: Investors can receive a maximum of $100,000 in tax credits per calendar year for a household (household includes a person, the person's spouse and/or dependent)
  • Business Cap: Investors in any one business can be issued a maximum amount of $500,000 in tax credits per calendar year

The Angel Investor Tax Credit is:

  • Equal to 25% of an investor's equity investment
  • Refundable to investors who file personal net income tax
  • Not refundable for investors filing corporate income tax, franchise tax, taxes on gross premiums or moneys and credits taxes

Review the full Administrative Rules for more information.


To be certified as a Qualifying Business and for its investors to be eligible to receive a tax credit, a business must satisfy all the following criteria at the time for which an investment tax credit is claimed:

  • Principal operations located in the state of Iowa
    • At least 50% of all employees in Iowa
    • At least 50% of the business' total payroll to employees reside in Iowa
    • Headquarters is located in Iowa (the headquarters are defined as the home office for substantial amount of executive employees)
  • In operation six years or less
  • Must be participating in an entrepreneurial assistance program (this requirement may be waived by the IEDA if the business can establish the owner/business has other experience that adequately replaces participation in an entrepreneurial assistance program)
  • Cannot be primarily engaged in retail sales, real estate or the provision of health care services or other services requiring a professional license
  • Net worth must be less than or equal to $10 million
  • Must have secured all of the following at the time of application for tax credits
    • At least two investors (with regard to this criterion, an "investor" includes a person who executes a binding investment commitment to a business)
    • Total equity financing, binding investment commitments, or some combination thereof, equal to at least $500,000 from investors


  • Must make an investment in a certified Qualifying Business
  • Must make Investments in the form of cash for equity
  • Must have less than a 70% ownership stake in the Qualifying Business

Businesses interested in applying are REQUIRED to contact and schedule an appointment with Lisa Connell.


  • Submit application and supporting documents for staff review
  • IEDA will send the Qualifying Business a certification letter if eligibility criteria is met
  • IEDA will provide the Investor Tax Credit form to Qualifying Businesses to send to investors
  • Investments will be considered eligible if made within 120 days prior to the submission of the application or at any point thereafter


  • After making an investment in a certified Qualifying Business, submit an application to receive a tax credit
  • Investors must contact the business for an application form
  • Applications processed on a first-come, first-served basis
  • IEDA Board must approve a tax credit award; if approved, staff issues a tax credit certificate
  • If applications totaling more than the program amounts are received and approved, the applications will be placed on a waitlist on a first-come, first-served basis in subsequent fiscal year
For more information, contact:

Lisa Connell

Melissa Harshbarger